Glossary

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Below are words that you may not be familiar with that are used throughout Beyond Angkor.

Airavata (Sanskrit) -

Angkor/Nokor (Khmer) - Originates from the Sanskrit Nagara (Holy City), in Thai it is Nakhon and in Cham it is Nagar. Which means city or capital. Angkor was the heart of the Khmer Empire between 802AD and 1431AD.

Angkor Thom (Khmer) - The Great City

Angkor Wat (Khmer) - The temple city

Apsara (Sanskrit) - Sanskrit for celestial dancers or heavenly dancers.

Arogyasala (Sanskrit) -

Asura (Sanskrit) - Demons with god like powers, enemy of God.

Avalokiteshvara/Lokeshvara (Sanskrit) - The lord who looks down

Banteay (Khmer) - A fortress or citadel.

Baray (Khmer) - man-made reservoirs in varying sizes, made using dikes.

Bas Relief (English) -

Boeng (Khmer) -

Brahma (Sanskrit) -

Buddha -

Buddhism -

Chakravartin (Sanskrit) - A Universal monarch, a title commonly used for the kings of Angkor.

Cham - The original inhabitants of the coastal areas of Central Vietnam. An enemy of the Khmer during Angkor.

Champa -

Chedei/Chedi (Khmer) -

Chenla -

Churning of the Ocean of Milk -

CISARK -

Colonette (English) -

Damrei (Khmer) - Elephant

Deva (Sanskrit) - Heavenly Princes, considered to be minor gods.

Devaraja (Sanskrit) - King of the Gods, in khmer this translate to kamraten an ta raja

Devata/Tevoda (Sanskrit) -

Dharmasala (Sanskrit) - A rest house for travellers.

Dvarapala (Sanskrit) - An armed temple door guardian.

Funan -

Ganesh/Ganesha (Sanskrit) - Son of Shiva - The Lord of Obstacles. Depicted with an elephant head.

Garuda (Sanskrit) - A mythical half man, half bird creature, the natural enemy of nagas.

Gopura (Sanskrit) -

Hamsa (Sanskrit) -

Hanuman (Sanskrit) - A general of the monkey army who fought for Ram in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana (known in Khmer as the Reamker)

Hariharalaya - King Jayavarman II's third capital, after establishing himself on top of Phnom Kulen he extended his territory and settled in his new capital based in Roluos, Siem Reap.

Hindu (Sanskrit) -

IK# -

Indra (Sanskrit) -

Indrapura - Was the first capital of Jayavarman II, located in Banteay Prei Nokor in today's Tbong Khmum province.

Inscription (English) -

Jayendranagari - A new city established by King Jayavarman V, west of his fathers (King Rajendravarman II) city which was based around the East Baray.

Kala (Sanskrit) -

Kambuja (Khmer) -

Kampong (Khmer) -

Khet (Khmer) -

Khom (Khmer) -

Kok/Kuk (Khmer) -

Laterite (English) -

Linga (Sanskrit) - A Phallic representation of Shiva.

Lingapura - In the early 10th century, the Kingdom of Kambuja split, and King Jayavarman IV established a new city in today's Koh Ker.

Lintel (English) -

Mahabharata (Sanskrit) -

Maharahadhiraja (Sanskrit) - King of Kings, the title adopted by King Jayavarman II in 802 AD as he declared himself God King after uniting the many different kingdoms.

Mahayana -

Mahendraparvata - A City founded by King Jayavarman II in 802 atop of today's Phnom Kulen in Siem Reap province, where he declared himself Chakravatin.

Makara -

Mebon -

Mount Meru (Sanskrit) -

Naga (Sanskrit) -

Nandi/Nandin (Sanskrit) -

Neak Ta (Khmer) -

Pali -

Pedestal (English) -

Pediment (English) -

Phnom (Khmer) -

Phum (Khmer) -

Prang -

Prasat -

Preah (Khmer) -

Preah Ko (Khmer) -

Prei/Prey (Khmer) -

Prohm (Khmer) - From the sanskrit word Brahma

Ramayana (Sanskrit) -

Ravana (Sanskrit) -

Sandstone (English) -

Sanskrit -

Shiva (Sanskrit) -

Singha -

Spean (Khmer) -

Srah/Sras (Khmer) -

Srok (Khmer) -

Stele/Stela -

Stupa -

Ta (Khmer) -

Tao (Khmer) -

That (Lao) -

Theravada -

Thom (Khmer) -

Toch (Khmer) -

Trapeang (Khmer) -

Tuol (Khmer) -

Vahana (Sanskrit) -

-Varman (Sanskrit) -

Vihear (Khmer) -

Vishnu (Sanskrit) -

Wat/Vat (Khmer, Lao, Thai) - Originating from Pali, means temple

Yasodharapura - The first city of Angkor, based around Phnom Bakheng

Yeay (Khmer) -

Yoni (Sanskrit) -