Prasat Bayon

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Prasat Bayon
Native Nameប្រាសាទបាយ័ន
CISARK#372
IK#474
K InscriptionK.293, K.294, K.469, K.470, K.486, K.539, K.540, K.552, K.672, K.700, K.775, K.776, K.801, K.812, K.902
TypeLarge Prasat
Location
Part ofAngkor Thom
CommuneNokor Thom
DistrictSiem Reap
ProvinceSiem Reap
CountryCambodia
CoordinatesN 13 26.480 E 103 51.535
History
Founded13th Century
BuilderJayavarman VII, Indravarman II, Jayavarman VIII
Art StyleBayon
MaterialSandstone
ReligionBuddhism
DeityLokeshvara
UNESCO Inscription1992
372 Prasat Bayon 1.jpg
5.00
(2 votes)


Site Size & Condition: Large Prasat Prasat Bayon (ប្រាសាទបាយ័ន - Pronounced: Pra-saht Bai-yohn).

Debate still rages over the precise identity of Bayon's iconic carved faces - Lokeshavara, Jayavarman VII himself or a combination of the 2, and indeed opinions still diverge over the exact number of towers and the probable number of original towers as well as the number of faces themselves. Today some 37 towers still stand and despite assumptions that there were originally 54, architectural evidence points to a total of 49. Baseless assertions of 216 faces are then deduced from 4 faces on each of the 54 towers although it can be seen today that, while most towers do possess 4 faces, some only have 3 or even 2. (One particular tower comes with a single face.)

Enigmatic faces aside the temple is probably the single most complicated and confusing of all Angkorian monuments. A temple certainly already existed at the site - of unidentifiable date and form - when Jayavarman VII commenced his royal temple at the centre of Angkor Thom in the late 12th-century. Substantial remodelling was undertaken and major additions made by subsequent kings including a conversion to a Hindu temple and re-conversion to Theravada Buddhist site.

Although the highly elaborate shrine is relatively small in size - lacking even an enclosure wall or gopuras - some historians have pointed to the walls, gates and moat of Angkor Thom as actually belonging to Bayon. The South Gate, (Angkor Thom Khloung Thvear Tonle Om), is then the outer south gopura of Bayon and the main entrance of Bayon is actually the East Gate of Angkor Thom.



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Nearby Sites

Angkor Thom Depot - Angkor Thom Royal Palace - Angkor Thom Sculptures 4714 - Angkor Thom Srah - Angkor Thom Terrace 733 - Angkor Thom Terrace 1739 - Angkor Thom Terrace 4720 - Angkor Thom Terrace 4752 - Angkor Thom Terrace 7670 - Angkor Thom Terrace A - Angkor Thom Terrace D - Angkor Thom Terrace H - Angkor Thom Terrace Q - Angkor Thom Terrace V - Angkor Thom Terrace X - Angkor Thom Terrace Y - Angkor Thom Terrace Z - Bayon Exhibition Hut and Depot - Prasat Khleang Khang Cheung - Prasat Khleang Khang Thbong - Prasat Phimeanakas - Prasat Srah Ta Set - Prasat Suor Prat - Preah Ang Kok Thlok - Preah Vihear Pram Pi Lveng - Preah Vihear Preah Ang Kok Thlok - Srah Andong - Terrace of the Elephants - Wat Preah En Tep - Wat Preah Ngok - Wat Preah Si Ar Metrei

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References